Square Foot Garden

31166375_2327757037250702_2385487693044776960_nSQUARE FOOT GARDEN

I thought I’d show you the interesting developments of my square-foot garden in my raised bed over the past year. I am not an expert on square-foot gardening, so if you’d like more information on what it is and how to plan a square foot garden then do check out this helpful article. It includes the pros and cons of this particular gardening method and how the make the most of the technique.

For those who have never heard of square foot gardening, it’s a method of growing which is easy to manage, makes good use of the space you have (better than planting in rows for example) and makes a new bed less overwhelming when planning it out. The basic idea is that you prepare a deep bed with lots of nutritious soil and then divide it into square feet using string or lengths of wood.

18010591_1839648999394844_5969114248098899782_nWe built our raised bed straight on top of a patch of ground which had grass and geraniums growing on it; we simply cut it all down and covered the ground in a deep layer of cardboard (see more about this no-dig method of establishing raised beds on Charles Dowding’s site). Then we built the wooden frame on top, and filled it with compost and manure of a ratio of about 50-50. Then I divided up the space into 12 square feet using string.

The idea is that every square foot contains a different crop. For salads and chard for example, I sow seeds all over the square foot so that the plants take up the whole of the space. You can then harvest them with scissors a bit at a time, and this way the crop lasts for a season. My Rainbow Chard has overwintered and thrived even through all the frost and snow we had!

For18951095_1908831672476576_2615735764286647134_n-1 larger plants such Courgette and Purple Sprouting Broccoli, I sow in modules first, and then just plant one healthy plant in each square foot. They do tend to take over and spread further than their own square foot so you need to plan for that. Last summer we had 2 courgette plants in neighbouring squares which did very well, spreading over the edge of the wooden sides.

For climbers such as french bean, I train them to climb up an obelisk contained within a square. This year I’m going to try growing an outdoor variety cucumber so that it climbs up the obelisk. I’ll be planting just one.



The main challenges have been slugs and snails. The slugs love to hide out down the sides of the wooden sides of the raised bed and under the mulch, and they come out at night to nibble my veg. Last year I did some slug patrols at dusk and was horrified by the huge slimy gangs of them heading towards by veg!! This year I might be forced to try slug traps (beer traps) again. The snails are easy to pick off by hand in the daytime and I just relocate them in the wild part behind the bridal path at the end of our garden.31124593_2327757127250693_8423905707685838848_n

Caterpillars are always a pest for brassicas, so my Purple Sprouting Broccoli and my Ragged Jack Kale all suffered last year, even though I spent time picking off the caterpillars by hand. I should really invest in some netting but I am reluctant because it would spoil the view of the garden from the house and our patio. That’s the compromise of growing veg in a garden and not on an allotment I suppose. But the good news is that the brassicas survived and thrived after the caterpillar season, also survived our cold winter, and they are now happily producing for food for us.

Another challenge has been that the thick layer of cardboard mulch that we put down initially, has now broken down and is not preventing some of the daffodil bulbs in the ground beneath the bed growing up into my square foot garden! If I was to start all over again, I would have used a permanent membrane instead of cardboard.



By far the best thing about this growing method is it’s accessibility. I suffer from health problems which make it difficult to manage a large growing space. Having it all contained within a manageable area, which I can walk around easily, makes it very doable and less overwhelming. It’s easy to see what’s growing and what is a weed, and it’s easy to pull the weeds out. And it’s easy to plan. In fact it makes food growing a complete joy.

31131313_2327757077250698_3548668878089355264_nAs I’ve already mentioned, the current successes have been that our Chard, PS Broccoli and Kale survived the Winter and are now thriving well ahead of any of this year’s crop. We are now entering ‘the hungry gap’ when this year’s crops are only at seedling stage and not ready for harvest, but we are harvesting from last year’s growth. The PS Broccoli just keeps on giving, so we’re enjoying lots of fresh greens in our meals. The Ragged Jack Kale is still really getting going, so I hope it will provide more in the month ahead. The chard has been regularly harvested for making Saag dishes, and for adding into a Kedgeree.


My tips

1 Plan your bed ahead of planting. Some crops will need sowing in modules first to be planted later, some will be best sown directly into the bed. Making a simple plan on paper which you can add to as the season progresses will help you make the most of your bed. I have a scrap book which I keep all my garden notes in.30727413_2319391514753921_7640994450218418176_n

2 Think about succession. When one crop is finished, have the next crop ready to plant out or sow. Add in a bit of fresh compost with each new crop.

3 Decide to grow the things that you love eating the most. Particularly think about which crops are expensive to buy in the shops and which are best eaten fresh. Some examples I can think of are: oriental salads, mange tout peas, purple sprouting broccoli, and spinach or chard.

4 Harvest little and often. Over the summer I was harvesting salads and maybe a courgette too every day. At this time of year I’m harvesting the PS Broccoli or chard nearly every day, just picking enough for our evening meal.

5 Keep your squares with newly sown seeds covered with wire mesh to protect your crop from cats and birds and anything else that might disturb the soil.

6 Take photos of your bed throughout the seasons so you can record what worked best. This is useful information when planning your next year’s square foot garden.


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Top 5 things to do in an INDOOR GARDEN

Top 5 things to do in an INDOOR GARDEN


As you will know from my previous blogs, I suffer from a chronic illness called Fibromyalgia, which means I live with varying amounts of pain and fatigue, which has to be managed carefully in order to maintain a good quality of life; Some days I can manage a bit of gentle walking and gardening, and other days I can barely get out of bed.

As a keen gardener and designer, this can cause quite a bit of frustration, as I often wonder what amazing things I could achieve in my life if only I had good health. For example I always wanted to self-build a modest eco-house within an acre or two of land, so that I could set up a permaculture project, providing food, materials and education resources. 22851869_2092414670784941_7179352553373681879_nBut I’ve had to learn to scale down my aspirations and set myself achievable goals so that I can live well within my restricted energy envelope. I know for other people, the limiting factor in their lives might be lack of time, or money, or whatever; we all have challenges in our lives, so this blog isn’t going to be moaning about what we don’t have or can’t achieve, it’s about what can we create in our lives that brings us joy, and a higher quality of life.


For me, one of the things I love so much about gardening is that I feel joyful connection to Nature while I’m doing it. So for this reason, I wanted to bring as much of the outdoors inside my home, so that even when I don’t feel well enough to be gardening outdoors, I can still feel this connection. And so this is why I am learning to be an indoor gardener. I am very lucky to have a brand new conservatory built on the back of our house to replace the very old leaky PVC one that we inherited from the previous owners and this is where the best of my indoor gardening is going on. Here are my top 5 things to do in my indoor garden:


1  Make Terrariums26805199_2204388042920936_6329992160228328850_n


Creating a simple Terrarium is fun. Have a go! It’s like creating a little world within a jar. I made this cactus landscape with Ice Cream van one for my nephew: I filled the jar with sand, added a little soil and drainage into a hole and planted the cactus, collected stones from my favourite Devon beach for adding a rock to his landscape and hunted in a flea market for the antique Ice Cream van. I used an old kilner jar for this, but in the past I’ve also used large pickle jars which I have got for free from my local chip shop. To find out how I did this, check out my blog about Terrariums.


2 Display house plants27858341_10155657121931622_1113786815359787191_n


I found an old set of shelves in a flea market and have used this to display some of my favourite house plants. I also found an antique book with botanical drawings that I like to display with them. This is also where I like to pot up my house plant babies; my spider plant, aloe vera and chinese money plants have all had plant babies which I have carefully potted up into their new homes. If you’re feeling a bit unconfident about your green finger abilities then check out this article about easy to grow and hard to kill house plants.



3 Grow micro-greens27972090_10155657122036622_8685517604541556581_n


So the plan is to grow trays and trays of edible plants. I have so many seeds ready to sow but because it’s so early in the season, so far I’ve only sown cress seeds into a tea cup. But it’s been so much fun and it looks so cute! In a day or so I’ll harvest the cress for my sandwiches. Future plans include trays of pea shoots, kale leaves, mustard greens, and spicy salad leaves. I’ll be posting more about this in the Spring, but in the meantime do check out this blog about how to grow micro-greens.


4 Get crafty


18193836_1854080814618329_2551552005880007724_nI like to get creative when I have the energy for a craft project. I have made plant pots out of our old tin cans which I painted with craft paints and planted with herbs – see this Facebook post about it. I’ve also painted ceramic plant pots (see picture above) with various craft and furniture paints – my favourites are dots and stripes. I’ve also painted the handles of my hand tools so that they last longer and are easier to find.


5 Relax


I bought a cheap garden sun-lounger and covered it in more padding and comfortable fabric to create myself a day bed. Now I can lay back and enjoy looking at my indoor garden, where I can watch it grow and I plan my next indoor gardening adventure. 27858919_10155657121976622_6768908454876472354_nI also love watching the squirrels and birds outside in the trees and on the bird feeder, and can feel my connection to Nature right from my bed. Bliss!

Do follow me on Instagram for further inspiration on living in your own urban jungle, and if you’re on Facebook do check out my permaculture page.

Front Garden Update

FRONT GARDEN UPDATE18119268_1849476821745395_8959626286495025161_n


I wanted to show you how my front garden has developed over the past growing season. As you can see from this photo from my previous blog the garden has really changed and matured since I created it just 7 months ago.

Back in April when planting out all the perennial fruit and vegetable plants, I spaced them out a lot to give them room to grow, thinking that I’d be planting in-between them later in the season with some annual veg.

What ended up happening is that I only ended up planting out the Rainbow Chard (in the sunniest spot near the front of the garden) and nothing else. This was because we’d discovered that we had a Bindweed problem and wanted to get on top of that before planting anything else.20953420_2012042425488833_2387730765486248565_n

When I observed the garden last year, I noticed a very small amount of Bindweed, but nothing much to worry about – or so I thought! I believed that the mulch I was putting down over the whole garden would be enough to suppress and perennial weeds, but I was wrong. In fact the Bindweed spread it’s root system under the mulch until it found a way up through the mulch and started to spread rapidly through the garden, which gave us a lot of extra work!


What I could have done differently 20952941_2012042445488831_7974872419170475789_n

I could have mulched the whole garden for a whole season, so as to kill the perennial roots system through the Winter before I started planting out. This would have been ideal, but it hadn’t been possible because I wasn’t well enough to do anything to the garden until I did.

We had a lot of cats using our newly planted space as a giant toilet. I could have prepared the beds with sharp sticks to deter them. But this resolved itself over time as the plants spread and covered up the bare soil, so the cats gave up using it so much.


Silver linings

21032724_2012042552155487_8845999333664097878_nWe had to do a lot of pulling up of Bindweed throughout the growing season and it was quite time consuming (but not actually that bad). It gave me an opportunity to spend time gardening there and chatting to neighbours as they passed me by about what I was growing. It actually provided a great opportunity for passing on the word about edible gardens and that it was possible to create them in the front garden and not just on an allotment. I enjoyed cutting down the large chard leaves and giving them away to children to take home for dinner.

Another positive outcome was that because I ended up leaving a lot of space between plants, they all had plenty of room to grow and thrive, so that by the Autumn we had a very healthy-looking green garden.



I was pleased that the Rhubarb, although it was slow to start growing (at one point I thought we might even have to replace it), eventually grew absolutely massive and healthy-looking.

The Asparagus looked tall and healthy and grew massively, and by Autumn it turned a beautiful shade of rusty yellow before I cut it back. The strawberries seemed to thrive underneath them, so my polyculture seemed to work.

The Peppermint grew and spread a great deal and smelled lovely, and I was able to harvest quite a lot for herbal teas.

The Silver Birch seemed to settle in well and grew it’s new white bark. It’s so attractive. And the black current bush underneath but out a lot of new growth, so next year I hope to harvest some currants.

I had lots of positive comments from all the passers by who stopped for a chat, so that was also a nice yield. All in all, I’m very happy with the first season of my new front garden. :)



Tin bath Update

TIN BATH UPDATE20800195_2004749936218082_2217981783231954292_n

I seem to have well and truly fallen off the blogging horse over the past 5 months, but here I am again. I’m back!

I got the nudge I needed when I was contacted by Thompson & Morgan (yes, that massive seed company!) who wanted to feature me in their blog: 10 Terrific Organic & Permaculture Gardeners . As you can see they’ve picked some great people to feature along with little old me. There’s Charles Dowding and Stephanie Hafferty, the rock Gods of the no-dig world. There’s a quirky blog about how cucumber seedlings like a bit of rock music and prefer it to Jazz! And another fellow chronic illness gardener, who’s blog Gwenfar’s Garden and other musings charts her successes and challenges of growing food while managing limited physical energy, and is well worth a read.

Tin Bath observations

Anyway, it’s about time that I showed you how the Tin Bath design developed over the past growing season, so here goes.

As you will see in my previous blog,  20770520_2004749986218077_3889423813050119049_nI chose the sunniest spot in the garden to place my tin bath, by the old conservatory south facing wall. I say ‘old conservatory’ because it is no more. We are currently having a new one built, which began in early July, so the tin bath had to be moved to another location in the garden at that point.

But for all of May and June, it thoroughly thrived in it’s sunny location, as you can see from the following photos.

The violas and nasturtium got a head start because I bought them as small plants from a garden centre, while the others edibles – the chard, rocket, marigold, and dill – I grew from seed. So this meant that the violas and nasturtium raced ahead in size and maturity, at times attempting to dominate the other plants.20840740_2004749996218076_574824268382027054_n

The tomato ‘Patio Yellow’ (you can just see it at the back right hand edge) was also bought as a young plant, but was a compact variety and a slower growing one which didn’t compete for space.

By the beginning of June, it was looking absolutely lush, with bright reds and purple/yellows of the edible flowers. I was harvesting them for salads, along with the nasturtium leaves and our meals looked incredibly beautiful!

There was the added bonus of location; our patio table and chairs were situated right near the tin bath on the sunny patio, and so for many lunch meals I would be eating right there, and leaning over to pick edible flowers to add to my lunch. I was living the permaculture dream! :) 20842149_2004750049551404_6799262248000981183_n


As June went on, the rocket bolted to the sky, sending up it’s beautiful delicate white flowers, which added another punch to the salads, along with the flowering calendula marigolds. I love the way a whole head of calendula petals adds a massive ZING to a salad, the taste isn’t as good as it’s colour, but it makes the meal feel even more exotic and I’m sure they must contain beneficial minerals (or something) as nothing that bright could be devoid of any nutrition!

The nasturtium leaves were just showing the first signs of yellowing at this point, and the viola leaves were starting to look a bit mildewy. So I added a layer of compost as best I could to the surface of the bath, hoping that the extra food would help the plants recover. But as you can see, they just became more sparse and sprawling.20840715_2004750186218057_662258656199368608_n

At this point the chard was completely swallowed by the other faster maturing plants in the bath, and I wondered if they would even survive, but it did, and it’s time would come to shine. The tomato just steadily carried on growing and even started developing fruits by this stage. It was happy.

I realised that it was time to pull out the nasturtium and viola. They had had their day, and they were now over, and this meant that I could practice some succession in my planting scheme. So I had a look at what I had growing in my conservatory, and selected a couple of things that I thought would like it in the bath, sharing the sunny position and not competing too much with what was already there.20842202_2004750212884721_6655326976136861433_n

I had been given some lemon basil seeds by a Facebook friend, and I had grown a whole tray of these deliciously lemony smelling seedlings. Another friend had also given me a small tray of Thai Basil seedlings, which have quite an unusual exotic aniseed taste, and later on they would develop beautiful clusters of purple flowers. These two additions certainly made the salads even more interesting.

It was now early July and the dill had bolted and thrown up these beautiful flowers and seed heads, and I certainly appreciated their beauty while sitting on my patio.

But change was coming. It was now time to move the tin bath to another location higher up in the garden, so that work could start on the building of a new conservatory. 20799317_2004750216218054_3947571721691208461_nThis meant that it no longer got the attention it once enjoyed in it’s prime spot, and it wasn’t quite as sunny either, but none the less, it carried on growing and producing without my attention!

Every few days, I’d wonder up the garden and come back with a handful of sweet yellow cherry tomatoes. I was still harvesting the Thai Basil and calendula flowers for salads too.

And now that the chard had more room, it started to push out and mature. It’s still growing even now, and the leaves are enormous – much bigger than the way they look in my final photo.


Overall, I am very pleased with the Tin Bath Design. It is a success. It even looked like my imagined drawing of what I’d hoped it would look like (see my drawing in previous blog). I got a significant yield of tasty and pretty salads, all through the growing season. And now in mid October, I still have Rainbow Chard to harvest, despite having had to move it to another location.



I’m definitely going to have another go next year with the same tin bath. Perhaps I’ll use the same design, or perhaps I’ll try a couple of new things? What would you recommend?


Tin Bath Design


Thanks to the article in the latest copy of Permaculture Magazine by Vera Greutink,unnamed where she describes how she establishes different polycultures in an old tin bath, I was inspired to create my own. A polyculture is simply a group of different plants all grown together. In her article she grows 3 different polycultures: a group of edible flowers, a group of edible annual veg, and a group of edible perennials (I’m guessing she did this in 3 consecutive growing seasons).

My husband had picked up an old tin bath (2ft x18″) with a hole in the bottom that he’d spotted being thrown away, and brought home a few years ago. It had remained unused but even so we brought it with us to our new house, intending to use it some day. Well that day has arrived! The bath fitted perfectly on our new patio in the sunniest spot. Using Vera’s article for inspiration I designed my own polyculture of plants that would enjoy a sunny spot together.




In my design I chose: a compact tomato ‘patio yellow’ for colour at the back, calendula for height and colour and to deter pests, garden rocket for leaves and flowers, rainbow chard for colour and leaves, dill because I love that in salads and with fish, a perennial viola for it’s pretty (and edible) flowers, and a compact nasturtium ‘empress of india’ for it’s edible leaves and flowers.



I put the tin bath on two pieces of wood so that it would drain properly, then filled the bottom with broken pots. Then I filled it with multi-purpose compost and farmyard manure in a ratio of 50/50 which I bought from the garden centre. I figured that my polyculture which included a fruiting plant (tomato) would need plenty of nutrients.

unnamedWith my design in hand, I had a look for the plants on my list at the garden centre. I recommend bringing your design with you, because it’s all too easy to get distracted by the range of plants on offer in a garden centre and then it’s tempting to change your design at the last minute. This is usually a bad idea because your design is something you will have spent time on, getting the spacing right, making sure the plants are compatible and like the same conditions, so if you change it on a whim, the chances are that you might not have taken all these factors into account.

I could have grown it all from seed, but it was getting too late to start the tomato, and perennial violas take a long time to grow to the point of flowering, so I aimed to buy these two plants. I also spotted the ‘empress of india’ nasturtium plant while I was shopping, and decided I would buy this one too because I only needed one plant, and it was too tempting to have it ready to plant out for immediate effect. Such is the allure of garden centres! But I would rather buy a pretty multi-use plant than go shopping for dresses any day of the week!unnamed-1

When I got home I planted out the 3 plants I’d bought immediately into the tin bath. It was a sunny day and I thought they would all grow and be happy. But little did I know that we would get a very late frost followed by dull weather the following week and the tomato plant didn’t like it, but it survived and has now started to grow. The viola and nasturtium were fine and are growing well.

I sowed the rocket, calendula, chard and dill in late April in modules and these took off quite quickly in my sunny conservatory. Yesterday I planted them out (it’s now mid May). So, here is a picture of the tin bath planted up – so far so good. I’ll let you know later in the season how it looks and what kind of yield I got out of it. I wonder whether it will turn out anything like I imagined in the picture I drew?



Walking in zone 5


In permaculture we take inspiration directly from nature. It’s the wild places that we go to unwind and to only observe and not to interfere, that we call ‘Zone 5′. These places are harder to find these days but small pockets do still exist in the UK.18193951_10154860022116622_2441948835739621272_n

Going for a walk in the countryside is a therapeutic way to exercise, calm the mind and even lower your blood pressure. I like to call this ‘Nature Therapy’ because I find it so good for my spirit and it improves my whole sense of wellbeing.

I am not alone in noticing this health benefit. It is also known as Ecotherapy which stems from the belief that people are part of the web of life and that our psyches are not separate from our environment. This means that if we can build a deeper relationship with Nature and it’s self-righting capacity and it’s complex systems of balance, it is believed that we can harmonise our own selves and improve our well-being.


This certainly feels true to me. And it echoes the words of Chief Seattle:

“..Every part of the earth is sacred to my people. Every shining pine needle, every sandy shore, every mist in the dark woods, every meadow, every humming insect. All are holy in memory and experience of my people.DSC_0058

We know the sap which courses through the trees as we know the blood that courses through our veins. We are part of the earth and it is part of us. The perfumed flowers are our sisters. The bear, the deer. the great eagle, these are our brothers. The rocky crests, the dew in the meadow, the body heat of the pone and man all belong to the same family…

Will you teach your children what we have taught our children? That the earth is our mother? What befalls the earth befalls all the sons of the earth.

P1010111This we know: the earth does not belong to man, man belongs to the earth. All things are connected like the blood that unites us all. Man did not weave the web of life, he is merely a strand in it. Whatever he does to the web, he does to himself…”


I certainly believe that the more disconnected we’ve become from Nature and her harmonising influence, the more sick we become as a society. The clue is in the fact that there is no mental illness such as depression to be found among the native hunter-gather tribes that still exist today, at least according to this interesting article ’The Caveman Cure For Depression“.


18268586_10154860022276622_4751414748179626455_nI love to go walking in bluebell woodlands in the Spring. They are a great example of how nature finds her balance between native species that have been growing symbiotically together for centuries. Woodland flowers come into their glory just as the warmer Spring sunshine hits the forest floor and just before the canopy closes above them. They have found their niche – in time as well as space, which I find very inspiring.

I am trying to copy this natural pattern of succession in my own garden. I’ve planted alpine strawberries in my ground cover layer, which is now flowering at the same time as the bluebells, and so are beginning to fruit before the deciduous trees planted around them (apple and willow) get their full canopy of leaves. Another woodland plant now in flower is wild garlic, otherwise known as Ransoms, and I would love to have some of this growing in my garden too.18268529_1864145096945234_8428929558081558690_n

I have noticed that if I’m having a bad day, or my mood is low for whatever reason, then getting out into the countryside always makes me feel better. And I feel so lucky that I have a garden too. On bad days when my bad health stops me from walking, at least I can sit on a chair on my patio and listen to the birds singing and watch them in the trees. And if I feel up to it, I can potter around with my seedlings, watering them and planting them out. I call this my ‘happy place’.

What kind of things do you do to connect with nature in your own life? How often do you manage to feel that connection? Can you think of a recent example of when being in nature really shifted your mood and lifted your spirits? How might you build more of these opportunities into your regular routine?




My New Back Garden


In my previous blog I told you about how I designed and implemented the design on our front garden (you can read it here). In this blog I’m going to tell you how we went about implementing changes to our back garden. I’m really excited about how this plan has come together actually, despite the challenges. By taking advantage of the good Spring weather and rising energy in our bodies, and paying attention to serendipity it feels like we’ve ridden a wave, and accomplished great things. 17884216_1839647046061706_5266374742279531243_nI feel pleasantly surprised! This is a photo of what it looks like so far.


As I mentioned in my previous post, having Fibromyalgia means that I have limited energy and I feel poorly much of the time, which means that I have to design according to these limiting factors. So as part of my design, I decided to pay a gardener to come and do the landscaping for the front garden, and he was also able to implement some of the back garden design while he was here too.


I had spent the whole 18 months since we moved here, watching and noticing what was happening in the garden, what was growing where, and where the sunlight was hitting the garden at different times of day and different times of the year.unnamed-6


For example I noticed that the sunniest part of the garden was on the patio outside our conservatory, and yet we couldn’t sit there and enjoy the sunshine because it was cluttered full of junk that had been dumped there after we moved in. We also didn’t have any outdoor furniture to sit on. I noticed that the top of the rockery also got a lot of sunshine so was the best growing space but it was currently overrun with geraniums and weeds. I noticed that the left hand border got dappled shade for half the day, but got the full strength of the sun during the afternoons in the Summer months. I noticed that the end of the garden was shady for all of the day and only got the occasional hit of direct sunlight on long summer evenings. And I noticed that roses and geraniums didn’t seem to mind being in the shade. These observations really helped to show me where it was best to locate elements in my design. And here is a photo of what the garden looked like during the Winter months before we started the changes.unnamed


I also decided to Zone my garden according to how frequent each part was visited and therefore how much attention it would get. For example, I put the sunny patio in Zone 1 as I expected that once we had garden furniture we would sit out there very frequently. I put the left hand border in Zone 3 because I expected that would get less attention as it was at the top of the steps and mostly out of view from Zone 1.


Features of my new design:


1 Clearing Zone 1 – the patio area – which had been left cluttered with junk after we moved here 18 months ago and creating a seating area so we can drink tea and eat lunch in the sunshine

2 Clearing the weeds out of the steps and rockery and then planting up some herbs in that area of Zone 1

3 Creating a raised bed in Zone 2 out of left-over Sweet Chestnut planks (from the building of the shed) in the sunny spot at the top of the rockery – so I have a little area to grow annual veg and salads that is visible from Zone 0 and 1

4 Taking out the invasive weeds in the left hand border of Zone 3 and creating a food forest

5 Clearing the weeds in the shady raised beds at the back near the shed and mulching heavily and planting fox gloves (Zone 4)

6 Clearing the narrow shady bed on the right hand side of weeds and planting it with shade tolerant plants


Zone 1unnamed


This all came together very quickly and synchronistically one afternoon. I’d mentioned my ideas to my husband and then one day I came downstairs to find him clearing the patio clutter into the back of the car, ready to take to the tip and recycling centre. It was a sunny day, so I went with him to the tip and enjoyed seeing all the old rubbish get sorted into various containers for recycling. It felt so nice to be out, that we ended up making a flying visit to a local flea market on the off-chance of finding an affordable set of garden furniture. We were very lucky to pick up the only one in the place, which was a faux-french table and four chairs that looked authentic enough in a shabby-chic way, a real bargain at £58. It was such a treat to come home to a cleared patio space and to be able to put out our new table and chairs and sit in the sunshine for the first time!unnamed-14


What a transformation this was. And now that we had a comfortable place to sit and drink tea in the warm Spring sunshine, this meant that I was now frequently out of bed and sitting in the garden, which gave me a new vantage point to continue designing from.


Every now and then I would get up out of my chair and weed out a few dandelions in the rockery or pull a few geraniums that had rooted in the gaps in the steps. This was more like the gentle gardening I could manage! One day when we got some food from the supermarket, we noticed they were selling herbs in good sized pots for a bargain 3 for £5 so I bought some chives and sage and planted them out into the rockery. Another time I picked up some violas, an edible flower that I just love at this time of year, and I potted it up in one of our old blue ceramic pots to put on our new table. This brings me lots of joy and it’s so pretty that I would rather look at it than eat it!


Zone 2unnamed-5


One Saturday morning my husband was cutting the grass when he asked me where I wanted the raised bed to be located. So I showed him the place at the top of the rockery and we marked it out. He then cut the Sweet Chestnut planks ready to be assembled into the new bed, and cut back some of the geraniums growing there with sheers.

Then later that week, our gardener who’d come to work mainly on our front garden design was able to put the bed together for me, mulch it with cardboard and then fill it with compost. That was very satisfying to get done, but when I looked down on it from my bedroom, it looked wonky. We realised this was because the ground sloped off to the right. So my husband was able to raise up the right hand corner of it the following weekend, and inserting Larch planks inside it to support it’s new height. Now it looked a lot less wonky. 17992221_1839648959394848_2054822158652601497_nAnd the first thing I did was add in some more peat-free compost from the garden centre, and some manure, and then I sowed some broad beans.

I’ve now got plans to make this bed into a ‘Square-foot Garden’, where I divide the bed into square feet and plant something different in each section. But I’ll write more about that in a future blog.


Zone 3


Our gardener was also able to help clear this bed on the day he was here. 17861962_1832953083397769_7026577108935229702_nIt was full of invasive weeds such as Rose Bay Willow Herb, grass, bindweed and Crocosmia which was coming in from the neighbours garden under the fence. We decided to keep a self-seeded oriental poppy, the mature rose bush, and an unknown shrub in the back corner. This left plenty of space to create our new food forest. We’d been given £50 vouchers for Tamar Organics (an online seed and plant supplier) by the Housing Co-op as a leaving present, so we spent this on a new Bramley Apple as well as other plants for the front garden.


So far we have planted in Zone 3:


Bramley Apple – 1 year maiden

2 x Golden Willow

Thornless Blackberry to grow up the trellis on the fence

Autumn-fruiting Raspberries **17862651_1832953020064442_8117846841536394124_n

Lemon balm **

Alpine Strawberry **

Chinese Chives **

Ice plant **

Sweet Cicely **

Comfrey (Bocking 14 – from a friend)


** we brought all of these plants with us in pots from our previous garden


Zone 4


unnamed-10I was blessed with a window of better health while all of this planting out was happening at the beginning of April, which was perfect timing. While I was planting in the border, my husband was clearing the dense layers of weeds in the two-tiered raised beds at the back of the garden. He did the heavy lifting with the garden fork and I sat on the edge of the bed and picked out the roots and put them into bags. We filled many many bags! When it was as weed free as we could get it, I planted out the foxgloves – a couple had been given to me by a friend and 3 I’d recently bought from a garden centre. Then we put down a permanent membrane over the top bed with the climbing rose in it, ready for the wood chip that we’d ordered from a tree-surgeon friend. The lower bed will be mulched with a layer of cardboard around the foxgloves and topped with wood chip.unnamed-11


We have yet to start on the narrow and shady right hand border, but I know it will happen soon. And we have plans to paint the ugly garage with masonry paint to make it more attractive to look at as well as the ugly retaining wall in zone 1 – which is rather exciting!

It’s amazing how my sense of wellbeing has improved with spending more time outdoors in the sunshine, my hands in the earth, listening to birdsong. This is what they call ‘Nature Therapy’ and it feels like the best medicine.


I had some trouble with my website recently which meant that my last two blogs disappeared into the ether, so I’ve had to repost this one and the previous one again. Sorry for any inconvenience. If you are interested in following my progress in my new gardens -front and back- then do click ‘follow’ in the bottom right hand corner of your screen. This means you’ll automatically be sent an email each time I post a new blog. I do not share your details with anyone. Thanks for reading!




My New Front Garden

17634739_10154795043526622_6429687954531524012_nMY NEW FRONT GARDEN

I wanted to tell you about the exciting new developments in my front garden, which is all the more exciting because of the challenges I’ve faced while designing it.

Those of you who follow my blogs and magazine articles will already know that I struggle with chronic health problems. My current diagnosis is Fibromyalgia, which is a chronic pain disorder. Doctors think it may be caused by a malfunction in the nervous system which means that my brain interprets many sensations as pain that ordinary people would not experience as pain. I hurt all over in my muscles, tendons and nerves, which makes me also suffer from debilitating fatigue. And quite often I also get rather low too, especially when the pain feels relentless. unnamed-9This means that I have to design my garden so that I can manage it within my limits. I am happy to report that my design has already been successfully implemented and it’s looking great. So I wanted to talk you through the design process briefly, and show you some photos of how it’s going.

For this blog I am going to focus on the front garden only, so you can see the challenges I came up against and how I overcame them specifically for this space. In my next blog I’ll do the same for the back garden.

To begin the design process, I decided to use some of the time that I was feeling my worst (and stuck in bed) as research time.unnamed-5 Over the previous year, I had observed that my front garden is a north facing slope, with it only getting direct sunlight through the summer months between the Equinoxes. It gets frosty in Winter and the frost is slow to clear in a patch in the middle. For most of the year it gets a lot of reflected light bouncing off the white houses opposite us. I noticed that the front part by the pavement often gets direct sunlight for most of the day in summer. So I while in bed I did some research on which edible plants would be happiest in what location. I had to research plants that are happy in shade and partial shade, as this was outside my experience because my previous garden was in a sunny south-facing aspect. I also observed that the garden was actually an old rockery completely overrun with grass and weeds.

On a good day, when I was feeling a bit better, I took measurements and then drew up a base map. This is what I used when I started designing. 11148344_1223895354303548_3066816150175048919_n

The main challenges were that the front garden was full of rocks and therefore would take a lot of energy to move all the rocks and get rid of the weeds that grew in the cracks between them. I knew that I wasn’t going to be able to do that job, even if my husband did the heaviest lifting for me. He does a physically demanding job and the thought of moving all those rocks on a weekend or a day off was daunting for him as well as me! So when I was designing, I decided that I was going to need to pay someone to do this. I had put a budget aside of £500 for both front and back gardens, and so it had to come out of this. We also had been given £50 in vouchers to spend at Tamar Organics.

I decided to turn my thinking around about the rocks and see them as an opportunity and resource instead of a problem. So I decided to use them in my design.


17862542_1827202757306135_8036797901927526729_nMy implementation plan was this:


1 Move all the rocks to the top of the garden

2 Cut a pathway with steps down the middle of the space to make the whole of it accessible for harvesting

3 Put down sheet mulch of cardboard all over the new beds

4 Replace the rocks to hold down the cardboard to create the shape of the new beds

5 Cover with compost (and later on wood chip mulch)

6 Put membrane over the path and steps

7 Create steps out of hard wood left over from the building of the shed/cabin

8 Put down gravel on the path and steps

9 Plant out new tree 18119268_1849476821745395_8959626286495025161_n

10 Plant out plants


List of plants:


Shade tolerant:

Black Currant ‘Big Ben’




Salad Burnett


Partial Shade:17861623_10154795043786622_2060073187033160209_n





Golden Willow

Silver Birch tree


Sunniest part at the front:



Winter Savoury

Cotton Lavender17523648_1827202687306142_7127793429069799017_n




I was recommended a local gardener called Jeremy Fields who is permaculture trained and does permaculture implementation. He was great and he did it all in just two 4 hour sessions, which cost £160. Plus £40 for a square metre of compost, £15 for waste removal, and £15 for the path membrane made a total of £230. He’d implemented stages 1-7 for me and that meant that all I had to do was to plant out the plants. My husband put down the gravel.

It was a very satisfying transformation which took very little time. All the time went into the observation and planning. I really enjoyed planting out the edible plants and herbs, and thankfully I had a window of better health during the Spring that meant I could get on with it. You might notice that the far left hand side of the garden on the other side of the steps is not yet done. We’ve covered most of it in cardboard and will be using that space for our delivery of wood chip. We hope to get that part of the garden done at a later date.

17634827_10154795043576622_3351391020869452862_nThe maintenance side of the design is that we’ll need to keep on top of the weeds that might want to start poking up through the edges of the garden where the cardboard meets the wall. We need to water everything regularly, and we plan to mulch with wood chip once all the plants are in to make sure the weeds underneath the cardboard don’t re-emerge once the cardboard breaks down. I’m sure that I will be constantly tweaking the design as time goes along to optimise which plants are happiest in which location. I will also be using the principle of succession too; where immature plants are widely spaced now to give them space to grow, this gives me the opportunity to plant out some annual veg grown in modules to fill in the gaps. Later on these gaps will be filled by the perennials.

Thanks for your patience – I know it’s been a while since I wrote but hopefully it was worth the wait!17634839_10154795043826622_4985980527157558595_n

By the way, if you’re having a kind of deja-vu experience reading this post, that’s because I already posted 2 blogs about my front and back gardens last week, but these were lost due to a fault with my website hosts moving my site to a more efficient server and losing my latest blogs in the process. So I’m re-posting them today. Thankfully I had the main content backed-up on my computer!

Garden Observation


Happy new year to you!

I know it’s not quite new year yet, but I’m sure that you are, like me, looking towards 2017 and starting to think about your plans and ideas for the year ahead.unnamed-1

I’ve been living in my new home, a fifties semi-detached house on the edge of town, for over a year now, and so I’ve had plenty of opportunity to observe the garden through all stages of the cycle of seasons. So far this Winter – and the last – I’ve particularly noticed that we live inside a frost pocket. We are on a north facing slope, with a tall bank of trees shadowing us. In high Summer, we get the sun at the back all day long, and into the evening too, but in the Winter, the sun does not reach us.

We knew this when we bought the house (that the trees would likely block out the Winter sun) and thankfully this isn’t too much of a concern for us because the aims we had for moving here were not predominantly about growing food. If I was looking for somewhere new to live in future in order to create an extensive permaculture garden, the aspect and soil would be top priorities. But in our present case, our top priorities were to buy a property that would adequately house our growing family (two adult teenagers) and to be in a good location for them, while giving ourselves a moderately sized project that I could still manage while taking care of my delicate health.

unnamedSo far inside the house we have improved the bathroom and first floor rooms, and the stairs leading up to the loft room. We have installed solar and cavity wall insulation, taken out an unnecessary partition wall downstairs and installed a wood burning stove. In 2017 we are due to start the rest of the work on the ground floor. We managed to get a solid oak floor in the sale, which is now stored upstairs in my studio while we get started on the building work. We have plans to create a porch on the front of the house to give the open living space of the ground floor a buffer to the outside world, and to keep the heat in when going in and out. We’re going to replace the dated kitchen and knock a bigger hole through the kitchen wall where the 50′s hatch is, in order to improve the open plan feel and connectivity between kitchen and dining space.

I also have plans to start work on the front garden at last. In a future blog I’ll show you the design on paper. I have found a good contact who will help me implement my design, as there is quite a lot of landscaping to be done.

I’m really excited about 2017! Have a great new year :)




Today I’ve finally been able to continue my creative indoor gardening project, and I have really enjoyed myself. I’ve created two terrariums from mostly recycled/repurposed materials. Terrariums were originally created by the plant collecting biologists of the Victorian era. They created glass cases to contain their tropical plant specimens so that they could be brought back and admired in our colder climate.

unnamed-7Today Terrariums have become fashionable again and I’ve been collecting images of them and other house plants on my Pinterest board here. They can be made out of any glass container, so you are only limited by your imagination really. There are two different types of environments you can create: one is a closed container (with a lid) in which you can keep tropical plants such as mosses and ferns, who like a warm moist environment (the closed system looks after itself and requires no watering at all). The other is an open container, in which you can keep arid loving plants such as succulents, cacti and air plants. The succulents prefer a little bit of misting occasionally, but the cacti and air plants need very little attention. So in this way, terrariums are the ultimate permaculture easy-care low-maintenance way of keeping houseplants!

I was walking past a chip shop the other day when I remembered something a friend had told me; that chip shops are the best place to pick up unnamed-6large glass jars for reuse. So I popped in and introduced myself. I told the lady who owned the chip shop what I was hoping to make and she gladly offered me two empty jars which had contained picked onions and pickled gherkins. I took them home and gave them a wash. They were a perfect size. And it feels good to be using them in the spirit of creating no waste, and up-cycling waste materials. Because the lids weren’t very attractive I decided to make two open terrariums with succulent plants.

So next I researched how to plant up my terrariums. Again I found the relevant information on Pinterest here and here. It’s all about building up the layers. I started with a bottom layer of small pebbles (I had a bag left over from other gardening projects), then a thin layer of charcoal (we had some left over from the summer), then some potting compost (I used left overs from other household plants I was repotting), then the plants and then to finish off, a layer of attractive stones or shells.unnamed-1

The plants I chose were mostly bought from a local shop. I like to support local businesses and I really enjoyed looking around this beautiful inspiring place in the Needlemakers in Lewes. I also dug up a succulent plant called Stonecrop, left over from our old living roof which we brought with us and planted out into our new garden. It likes the same free-draining dry conditions and has a beautiful pink flower in summer.

So here they are all finished. I’m really pleased with them, and they make a great centre piece for the table. I enjoyed looking through our hoard of little pebbles and shells we’d collected over the years to find ones which would look best with the plants. I even found an old stone cannonball which one of my sons found on a walk on the Downs near Portsmouth when he was much younger, so these will be treasured and talked about for some time to come.unnamed

All I need to do now is to show these photos to the lady in the chip shop and encourage her to give it a try herself!


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